What are the Different Types of Industrial Robots and Their Applications?

What are the Different Types of Industrial Robots and Their Applications?

Industrial Robots are used in countless industries and facilities to automate certain tasks and increase overall production output, reduce waste and costs, and enhance worker safety. With Industrial Robots being used in an ever-growing list of industries and applications, there is an increased demand for numerous types of industrial robots.

Cartesian Robots

Cartesian robots, which are also called linear robots or gantry robots, are industrial robots that works on three linear axes that use the Cartesian Coordinate system (X, Y, and Z), meaning they move in straight lines on 3-axis (up and down, in and out, and side to side). Cartesian robots are a popular choice due to being highly flexible in their configurations, giving users the ability to adjust the robot’s speed, precision, stroke length and size. Cartesian Robots are one of the most commonly used robot types for industrial applications and are often used for CNC machines and 3D printing.

Cartesian Robot

SCARA Robots

SCARA is an acronym that stands for Selective Compliance Assembly Robot Arm or Selective Compliance Articulated Robot Arm. SCARA Robots function on 3-axis (X, Y, and Z), and have a rotary motion as well. SCARA Robots excel in lateral movements and are commonly faster moving and have easier integration than Cartesian Robots. Typically, SCARA robots are used for assembly and palletizing, as well as bio-med application.

SCARA Robot

Articulated Robots

Articulated Robots mechanical movement and configuration closely resembles a human arm. The arm is mounted to a base with a twisting joint. The arm itself can feature anywhere from two rotary joints up to ten rotary joints which act as axes, with each additional joint or axis allowing for a greater degree of motion.  Most Articulated Robots utilize four or six-axis. Typical applications for Articulated Robots are assembly, arc welding, material handling, machine tending, and packaging.

Articulated Robot

Cylindrical Robots

Articulated Robots mechanical movement and configuration closely resembles a human arm. The arm is mounted to a base with a twisting joint. The arm itself can feature anywhere from two rotary joints up to ten rotary joints which act as axes, with each additional joint or axis allowing for a greater degree of motion.  Most Articulated Robots utilize four or six-axis. Typical applications for Articulated Robots are assembly, arc welding, material handling, machine tending, and packaging.

Cylindrical Robot

Delta Robots

Articulated Robots mechanical movement and configuration closely resembles a human arm. The arm is mounted to a base with a twisting joint. The arm itself can feature anywhere from two rotary joints up to ten rotary joints which act as axes, with each additional joint or axis allowing for a greater degree of motion.  Most Articulated Robots utilize four or six-axis. Typical applications for Articulated Robots are assembly, arc welding, material handling, machine tending, and packaging.

Delta Robot

Polar Robots

Polar Robots, or spherical robots, have an arm with two rotary joints and one linear joint connected to a base with a twisting joint. The axes of the robot work together to form a polar coordinate, which allows the robot to have a spherical work envelope. Polar Robots are credited as one of the first types of industrial robots to ever be developed. Polar robots are commonly used for die casting, injection molding, welding, and material handling.

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Polar Robot

Collaborative Robots

Collaborative Robots or Cobots are robots that can directly and safely interact with humans in a shared workspace. There are numerous types and brands of collaborative robots on the market – learn more here. Cobots are typically used for pick and place, palletizing, quality inspection, and machine tending. 

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Collaborative Robot

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